Congestion: Myth 5

Myth:
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) will soon arrive and will reduce congestion.

Reality:
Fully autonomous (Society of Automotive Engineers Level 5) vehicles won’t reach widespread adoption until long after 2030.

Automobile and technology companies will continue to launch numerous AV pilots, but they must clear a significant number of hurdles. There are significant advancements needed in both the technology and cost. AVs will operate in limited setting for some time and cost will remain a major barrier—premium buyers and fleets will remain the primary market for AVs for some time. Once prices do come down, it will still take a long time to replace a meaningful share of the current vehicle base. There are also significant legal and ethical questions related to liability. Lastly, there are questions around how standards and infrastructure develop and who will pay for them.

Once mainstream, it’s still up for debate whether AVs will reduce or worsen congestion. The outcome hinges on a few factors: cost, riders’ willingness to share, and AVs effect on urban sprawl. It is highly possible that AV’s will induce demand for transportation due to the convenience of AVs that could increase urban sprawl and VMT.

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Robotic Parking Systems has been participating in transportation technology discussions with leading companies for quite some time. One element has become very clear – emerging technologies require that the garage of the future be smart!

Our system is already connected and can receive and share as much or as little information as the owner wants on an open network.This communications platform works well for car sharing fleets, etc.

We have developed a partnership with Bosch to facilitate the parking of “autonomous driving cars” in Robotic Parking Systems’ garages. And, with optional electric charging stations, Robotic Parking Systems Inc offers the features in parking facilities required for future transportation needs.

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The National Parking Association commissioned a top-10 consulting firm to produce a report on reducing congestion. The result: “Parking is a solution to congestion.”

The report, “An Ecosystem Approach to Reducing Congestion,” reaffirms the role of parking in our cities. For the full study, visit WeAreParking.org/Congestion

© 2018 PwC. All rights reserved. Produced with the participation of the National Parking Association

Congestion: Myth 4

Manhattan congestion

Myth:
Current parking policies are effective at setting the right parking supply and reducing congestion.

Reality:

Current parking minimums lead to an oversupply of parking and induce driving, increasing congestion.

Cities could consider reducing or eliminating regulations that force builders to include a minimum number of parking spaces in new real estate developments. These policies create an oversupply in parking and can leave facilities under-utilized. Further it adds additional cost for developers — increasing the total building development cost.

On-street parking prices are not always set to market rates, which may induce circling, and drive congestion. A combination of setting market rates and introducing new parking technologies – to monitor the availability of spaces in real time – could cut down on miles driven while waiting for one to open up.

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Robotic Parking Systems can provide automated parking garages at least 50-60% smaller than typical concrete ramp garages while providing the same number of parking spaces. This allows for easier placement of garages in existing cities and could potentially replace on-street parking.

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The National Parking Association commissioned a top-10 consulting firm to
produce a
report on reducing congestion. The result: “Parking is a
solution to congestion.”

The report, “An Ecosystem Approach to Reducing Congestion,” reaffirms the role
of  parking in our cities. For the full study, visit WeAreParking.org/Congestion

© 2018 PwC. All rights reserved.
Produced with the participation of the National Parking Association

Congestion: Myth 3

traffic congestion

Myth:
Expensive, long-term capital projects are the best way to address congestion.

Reality:
No single solution can solve congestion. Both near- and long-term solutions should be used to combat congestion.

A holistic view must be taken when looking at congestion. There is a backlog of $90B in deferred public transit maintenance and replacement projects. Upgrading infrastructure alone is a challenging feat. Policy levers and other demand shifting policies may help to mitigate congestion in the short term and are often less expensive than large capital infrastructure projects. At the same time, capital projects increase transportation capacity (e.g., public transport, roadways, and highways) and are necessary to accommodate for population and economic growth in the long term.

——————————-

The National Parking Association commissioned a top-10 consulting firm to
produce a
report on reducing congestion. The result: “Parking is a
solution to congestion.”

The report, “An Ecosystem Approach to Reducing Congestion,” reaffirms the role
of  parking in our cities. For the full study, visit WeAreParking.org/Congestion

© 2018 PwC. All rights reserved.
Produced with the participation of the National Parking Association

Congestion: Myth 2

Myth:
E-commerce has a zero net effect on congestion.

Reality:
Online shopping is putting more delivery trucks on the road and increasing congestion, particularly at the curb.

It was long thought that the rise of e-commerce would be, at worst, neutral in terms of congestion. The theory was that any increase in delivery truck traffic would be more than offset by a reduction in solo trips to the mall in private vehicles. Changes in consumer behavior enabled by e-commerce have upended this expectation, however. Fast, free shipping, which has become the standard for online sellers, has not only increased orders but also raised the number of single package deliveries. In addition, about 30% of online orders end up being returned, compared to 9% for traditional sales. This creates extra trips. The problem is particularly acute in neighborhoods where congestion is already bad, like urban cores. There, delivery companies compete for space at the curb, often double parking and obstructing traffic.

——————————-

The National Parking Association commissioned a top-10 consulting firm to produce a
report on reducing congestion. The result: “Parking is a solution to congestion.”

The report, “An Ecosystem Approach to Reducing Congestion,” reaffirms the role of
parking in our cities. For the full study, visit WeAreParking.org/Congestion

© 2018 PwC. All rights reserved.
Produced with the participation of the National Parking Association

Congestion: Myth 1

Myth:
Ride-hailing and car-sharing services reduce the total number of cars on the road.

Reality:
Transportation network companies (TNCs) often increase the number of vehicles on
the road and miles driven. Deadhead miles account for up to 50% of miles driven.

TNC vehicles, on average, travel an extra 0.25-1 mile for every for-hire mile
driven, depending on city utilization rates. Additionally, TNCs directly compete
with more sustainable transportation modes. One-quarter of ride-hailing service
users say they would have used public transit instead if TNCs weren’t an option. TNCs also contribute to congestion by giving their drivers incentives to ignore traffic and parking regulations. In a three-month period in 2017, about 66% to 75% of all traffic violations in San Francisco were committed by TNCs.

Robotic Parking Systems has been advocating better parking options as a means to reduce congestion since 2001. Parking garages in cities do not have to be huge ugly behemoths. Automated parking facilities offer smaller garages with equal parking capacity as well as facades that can blend with any neighborhood.

——————————-

The National Parking Association commissioned a top-10 consulting firm to produce a
report on reducing congestion. The result: “Parking is a solution to congestion.”

The report, “An Ecosystem Approach to Reducing Congestion,” reaffirms the role of
parking in our cities. For the full study, visit WeAreParking.org/Congestion

© 2018 PwC. All rights reserved.
Produced with the participation of the National Parking Association